A literature review of gamification design frameworks

A literature review of gamification design frameworks

Abstract – This paper presents a review of the literature on gamification design frameworks. Gamification, understood as the use of game design elements in other contexts for the purpose of engagement, has become a hot topic in the recent years. However, there’s also a cautionary tale to be extracted from Gartner’s reports on the topic: many gamification-based solutions fail because, mostly, they have been created on a whim, or mixing bits and pieces from game components, without a clear and formal design process. The application of a definite design framework aims to be a path to success. Therefore, before starting the gamification of a process, it is very important to know which frameworks or methods exist and their main characteristics. The present review synthesizes the process of gamification design for a successful engagement experience. This review categorizes existing approaches and provides an assessment of their main features, which may prove invaluable to developers of gamified solutions at different levels and scopes.

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Alberto Mora, Daniel Riera, Carina Gonzalez,  Joan Arnedo-Moreno, “A literature review of gamification design frameworks”, Conference paper, September 2015

Gamification and human-machine interaction: a synthesis

Gamification and human-machine interaction: a synthesis

Cathie Marache-Francisco, Éric Brangier, “ Gamification and human-machine interaction: a synthesis ”, Le travail humain 2/2015 (Vol. 78) , p. 165-189. From the abstract:

Gamification deals with new human-machine interaction design practices. It consists of elements which are inspired from videogames, with the hope that this relationship which is designed to be more hedonic, engaging and motivating, will lead to positive changes within human-machine interactions, especially when applied to work practices and productivity matters. In this article, we present a synthesis of that notion, paralleled with ergonomics, concerning its definition and its design.

We first draw a definition from the gamification literature. It can be considered as the use of game elements in generally digital non-gaming systems which are adapted to the users’ profiles in order to generate motivation and engagement, with a focus on pleasurable experiences, even fun ones. We also mention the context of emergence of gamification. We then define and illustrate gamification design.

Afterwards, this paper highlights critical factors which could help the ergonomist to participate in the design of efficient and satisfactory gamified systems. We then broaden this discussion to analyze the core meaning of gamification at work: the promise of flourishing and engagement through innovative interactions, as well as the production of competitive knowledge.

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Using game mechanics for field evaluation of prototype social applications: a novel methodology

In this paper, Amon Rapp, Federica Cena, Cristina Gena, Alessandro Marcengo and Luca Console present “a novel methodology to evaluate a social media application in its formative phase of design. Taking advantage of the experiences developed in the Alternate Reality Games, we propose to insert game mechanics in the test setting of a formative evaluation of a prototypical social system. As a use case, we present the evaluation of WantEat, a prototypical social mobile application in the gastronomical domain. The evaluation highlighted how the gamification of a field trial can yield good results when evaluating social applications in prototypical status. From a methodological point of view, gamifying a field trial overcomes the cold start problem, caused by the absence of active communities, which can prevent the participation of users and therefore the collection of reliable data. Our experience showed that the gamification of a field evaluation is feasible and can likely increase the quantity of both browsing actions and social actions performed by users. Based on these results, we then are able to provide a set of guidelines to gamify the evaluation session of an interactive system”.

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